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Wild Fish Runs, March 2003
News and updates from Washington Trout
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For more information on any of these topics, please check out our website at www.washingtontrout.org.
Wild Fish Runs is a bi-monthly publication for Washington Trout’s members and supporters to provide program updates and networking assistance. Washington Trout is a conservation-ecology organization dedicated to the preservation and recovery of Washington’s wild fish and the habitat they depend on. Since 1989, Washington Trout has sought to improve conditions for all of Washington’s wild fish through research, advocacy, and habitat restoration. Washington Trout is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization.
Pre Spawn Mortality of Coho in Western Washington:
An article in the February 6th Seattle Post-Intelligencer titled “Our Troubled Sound: Spawning Coho are Dying Early in Restored Creeks” explored an issue that Washington Trout crews began observing four years ago: in some western Washington watersheds, many coho salmon are dying before they’ve had a chance to spawn. Performing spawning surveys for Seattle Public Utilities (SPU) since 1999, Washington Trout brought our prespawning mortality observations to the attention of SPU; SPU and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) are now attempting to determine the cause or causes of the crisis. Preliminary NMFS tissue, blood, and bile analyses of the affected fish have not yet provided a firm conclusion as to what is killing the fish, though polluted stormwater is suspected.
The issue demonstrates that restoring habitat structure alone without addressing water quality, water delivery, development density, and even air quality issues may not result in self-sustaining salmon populations in urban watersheds. It underscores the necessity to preserve watersheds now that face impending or future development pressures.
While the article focused on coho prespawn mortality in the Seattle metropolitan area, in 2001 Washington Trout crews also observed alarmingly high percentages (17-30%) of coho prespawning mortality in watersheds managed for rural residences and agriculture in the Snoqualmie Valley, 30 miles to the east of Seattle. Meanwhile, coho prespawn mortality in two relatively pristine, unimpacted western Washington watersheds ranged between 0 and 1%.
Given the threatened or depressed status of populations of trout, salmon, freshwater mussels, and other aquatic biota in the Pacific Northwest, water quality conditions that are so inhospitable as to kill adult salmon within hours of initial exposure are ecologically intolerable. To date, there have been no coordinated regional efforts to document the magnitude and extent of the coho prespawning mortality phenomenon and associated land use/water quality relationships. Washington Trout is currently applying for funds to expand the geographic scope of the coho prespawning mortality surveys, and to oversee the coordination of similar efforts elsewhere in western Washington.
The implications of elevated rates of coho prespawning mortality are immense, ranging from drastic changes in urban/suburban stormwater management, to changes in pesticide and herbicide regulations, to re-thinking how salmon recovery efforts funded by public dollars should be prioritized. If you are interested in reading the full article click here: http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/107460_coho06.shtml.
Washington Trout is performing weekly winter/spring spawning surveys in Thornton Creek for Seattle Public Utilities. The surveys began in mid-January and will continue through May in order to enumerate steelhead/rainbow and cutthroat trout spawning in the stream. Although steelhead/rainbow trout are rarely observed, Washington Trout crews have documented a hardy population of cutthroat trout within Thornton Creek. While data show that urban coho salmon are plagued by a prespawning mortality phenomenon (see above article), remarkably, the cutthroat do not seem to be.
Cutthroat can potentially be of three life histories in Seattle creeks: resident, adfluvial, and anadromous (sea-run). Residents spend their entire lives in creeks and spawn as fish of 6"-10" in length; adfluvials spend most of their lives in Lake Washington and return to the creeks to spawn as fish of 12"-28" in length; and sea-runs migrate to Puget Sound and return to spawn as fish of 12"-22" length. Like steelhead, cutthroat can spawn from January into early June. The size of a cutthroat redd and gravel choice varies according to the size of the female, with larger fish preferring larger substrate and making larger redds, but in general cutthroat prefer substrates ranging from medium gravel to large sand. Numerous large cutthroat trout, suspected adfluvials, have been observed spawning in Thornton Creek this year, as were spawning resident cutthroat. It is also possible that some of the larger cutthroat are sea-run, not adfluvial. The scale or otolith sampling and readings necessary to determine that have not yet been performed.
Today’s city life for the cutthroat trout of Thornton Creek is more perilous than the conditions that these fish evolved to meet. Culverts, weirs, and small debris jams form impasses that prevent the cutthroat from migrating throughout the watershed, and reduced instream cover leaves the large fish particularly susceptible to blue heron and other predators. Testimony to their resiliency, the cutthroat are still returning to Thornton Creek to find suitable spawning habitat, and each other.
Cherry Valley Feasibility Study:
Washington Trout personnel have initiated an elevation survey of the Cherry Creek floodplain, near Duvall. Using high precision survey equipment with accuracies measured in millimeters, Washington Trout is collecting data that will be used to produce high-resolution maps of the floodplain. These maps will be used to perform analyses such as volumetric calculations, to predict effects of proposed drainage alterations, and to illustrate the current and proposed topography of the valley. Working in a crew of two or three, a Total Station is used to collect X, Y, and Z attributes of points. The data will be imported into GIS format in order to accomplish the analytical and visualization tasks. The crew has been at work for two weeks, with another four to six weeks of surveying expected.
Schoolhouse Creek Restoration Project:
Elevation surveys of Schoolhouse creek have been completed using the same method currently being employed in Cherry Valley. This data is currently being processed and will soon be delivered to the engineering firm R2 Inc., which has been contracted to provide plans for the upcoming restoration of the Schoolhouse Creek site. As part of this restoration water will be partially diverted from an impassable culvert, into a wetland system. The topography of the wetland and the course of Schoolhouse Creek will be important tools in formulating a solution.
Adaptive Management Workshop:
On February 13 and 14, WT and Seattle Public Utilities co-hosted a two-day workshop entitled, Making It Work: Strategies for Effective Adaptive Management.
The concept of adaptive management is being increasingly recognized as essential to managing natural resources wisely. Effective adaptive management acknowledges and attempts to reconcile the uncertainty inherent in ecosystems and in strategies for ecosystem management. A carefully designed and implemented adaptive-management strategy can help managers meet specific goals by appropriately adjusting their actions within prescribed parameters and timelines in response to data generated through effective monitoring. Adaptive management is much more effective at managing the risks inherent in natural-resource exploitation, and could be critically important in implementing a successful salmon-recovery effort.
Unfortunately, there appears to be little consensus among resource managers on universal, practical criteria and guidelines for developing and implementing effective adaptive management programs. Amid this confusion, the concept has devolved into little more than a fashionable buzzword in management circles, used to label a wide range of management techniques and goals, some far from beneficial, some merely a repackaging of previously failed practices, and most with little chance of successfully meeting the anticipated outcomes of a rigorously developed adaptive management protocol.
In order to be successful, an adaptive-management strategy must be more than a vague intent to monitor a program and then spontaneously “adapt” to the data (or not). A thorough protocol must incorporate clear goals and intermediate thresholds toward those goals, a clear timeline for meeting the thresholds, warning thresholds that will trigger management reactions, a list of response and/or reaction options for individual thresholds, a monitoring plan sufficient to provide the necessary data, timelines and thresholds for meeting data-collection goals, and response-options for when data goals are not met. Through a series of symposia and workshops, WT hopes to help develop a usable definition or adaptive management by bringing together scientific and technical experts on adaptive management from across the region and the country. The first symposium was held in 2001 during the annual meeting of the Society for Ecological Restoration in Bellevue, WA.
The focus of the 2003 workshop was to learn from some of the most experienced practitioners of adaptive management in the country and to explore strategies for dealing with adaptive management challenges in the context of a hypothetical situation. There were over 150 people in attendance for the two days, bringing together representatives from several Puget Sound cities and counties, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, The Nature Conservancy, Trust for Public Land, Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission, Northwest Power Planning Council, US Fish & Wildlife Service, Environmental Protection Agency, WA Department of Ecology, WA State Department of Transportation, and independent scientists and engineers.
The final workshop, scheduled for 2004, will focus on developing a recognized and potentially certified framework for implementing effective adaptive management strategies.
Freshwater Mussels of the Pacific Northwest Workshop:
1/16 m2 quadrat used for mussel sampling
On February 19th, WT Conservation Biologist Micah Wait presented the findings of a study concerning the population of Western pearlshell mussels (Margaritifera falcata) in King County’s Bear Creek at the Freshwater Mussels of the Pacific Northwest Workshop in Vancouver, WA. The conference, put on by the Columbia River Fisheries Program Office of the US Fish and Wildlife Service, was well attended, with over 100 participants, including numerous state and federal wildlife managers, graduate students, non-profit researchers, and other people interested in freshwater mussels conservation.
Freshwater mussels are long-lived creatures (up to 130 years) that make their living by filtering food, such as algae, bacteria, and suspended microdetritus, from the water column. During an early larval stage they are also obligate parasites on fish, and in the Northwest, mussels infect salmonids exclusively. The larval forms are called glochidia, which attach themselves to the gills of a host fish and remain for 1-3 weeks. The main purpose of the parasitic life stage is as a dispersal mechanism for the juvenile mussels, and there is little if any harm done to the fish. There doesn’t appear to be any direct symbiotic benefit to salmon or trout from this relationship, but the species are clearly linked. And as benthic filter-feeders, mussels are both indicators and contributors to water quality and stream health. Historically, M. falcata was present in many of the low gradient stream systems in the Puget Sound Lowlands, but due to changes in water quality and physical stream habitats many of these populations are extirpated or no longer viable.
Bear Creek is home to one of the last remaining large populations of M. falcata in the Pacific Northwest. The purpose of the study was to provide baseline data for the monitoring of the Bear Creek Mussel population, with three main concerns: the location of mussel beds within Bear Creek, the size and density of mussels in a bed, and the age structure of the population. The proceedings of the conference as including Power Point presentations can be found at the Columbia River Fisheries Program Office website at http://columbiariver.fws.gov/mussel.htm.
Read the full article in the Spring 2003 Washington Trout Report. Don’t get the WT Report?
In January, Washington Trout and Native Fish Society sent a 60-day notice of intent to sue to WDFW over violations of the ESA at 20 steelhead and 11 coho hatchery programs in Puget Sound. Among other impacts, we allege that Hatchery juvenile steelhead and coho released into chinook habitats are preying on wild Puget Sound chinook juveniles. Puget Sound chinook were listed as Threatened under that Endangered Species Act in 1999. Any action that ends up directly or indirectly harming or killing a listed species – called a “take” – is specifically illegal under the ESA.
WDFW is required to submit to NOAA Fisheries (formerly National Marine Fisheries Service) an application for take authorization, called a Hatchery Genetic Management Plan (HGMP), for any hatchery program that could potentially impact PS chinook. The HGMPs have been overdue since January 2001 but to date WDFW has not submitted a single plan for any steelhead or coho facility in Puget Sound. If WDFW does not stop violating the ESA within the 60-days, we may file a complaint in federal court.
Meanwhile, a similar suit filed by WT and NFS over chinook hatcheries in Puget Sound has been moving forward. In September 2002 we sued WDFW alleging that 18 hatchery programs were killing and harming listed PS chinook in a number of ways, through direct take, site impacts, genetic impacts, competition, and predation. When we filed our lawsuit, WDFW finally submitted HGMPS for the chinook programs, also overdue since January 2001; the applications have not yet been approved or rejected. The lawsuit is in pretrial motions. WT staff and our attorneys have held discussions with officials at NOAA Fisheries and with WDFW Director Jeff Koenings and his top staff to discuss a process for evaluating the HGMPs, improving hatchery practices, and possibly settling the case.
WT, joined by Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility, has also been challenging WDFW in court to stop violating the ESA by harming PS chinook at the Tokul Creek Fish Hatchery in the Snoqualmie River Basin. The hatchery water-diversion dam blocks fish passage, and other site impacts at the facility are degrading chinook habitat. In February, WDFW received preliminary approval from the Army Corp of Engineers for $650,000 in funding and technical support to remove the fish passage barrier. WDFW must now seek approximately $350,000 in matching funds from the state legislature in order to qualify for the federal funding.
Tokul Creek is one of the most important chinook spawning tributaries in the Snoqualmie Basin. The diversion dam restricts anadromous spawning to the lowest 1/3-mile of creek. Removal of the barrier would restore passage to an additional mile of high quality chinook spawning and rearing habitat, and close to 60 miles of steelhead habitat. WT and PEER are engaging in mediation with WDFW, seeking to reach an agreement on details of the project, including timelines.
WT is represented in all three cases by Richard Smith of Smith and Lowney PLLC.
The 2003 Lower Columbia River Tangle-Net fishery has been suspended since its first week due to high encounter rates with ESA-listed wild chinook and steelhead. The fishery is targeted at Willamette River hatchery spring chinook.
Last year, the 2002 fishery encountered approximately 20,000 steelhead and 15,000 wild chinook, released back into the river with the aid of so-called recovery boxes. The smaller-mesh tangle-nets and the recovery boxes (aerated tanks of water) are intended to reduce mortality for released fish, allowing a “selective” fishery for hatchery fish while protecting listed wild salmon, but as many as 50% of the listedfish encountered in 2002 ultimately died before they could spawn. The single fishery may have killed nearly 15% of the total 2002 run of federally listed Lower Columbia River steelhead, even though steelhead were not the target species of the fishery, and under Endangered Species Act regulations, the total impact from all fisheries on LCR steelhead is capped at 2%.
Working with a host of other conservation organizations, including Native Fish Society, Oregon Trout, the Audubon Society, the Wild Steelhead Coalition and Trout Unlimited, WT has drafted and submitted several sets of analyses to state and federal management and policy-officials, recommending that the fishery be significantly modified before being re-approved.
Our analyses were found compelling by officials at the Northwest Power Planning Council, BPA’s Independent Science Review Panel, and ultimately NOAA Fisheries (formerly the National Marine Fisheries Service). In September 2002, Compact Managers approved a 2003 fishery with significant changes, including restricting tangle nets to a maximum 4¼” multi-filament mesh, a reduction from the 5½” monofilament nets that contributed to the high 2002 by-catch and mortality rates. WT acknowledged the improvements, but continued to press for more comprehensive changes. On January 31, NOAA Fisheries sent a letter to Compact managers seeking “greater assurance” that the fishery would comply with ESA regulations. They asked the Compact to meet several conditions, including actions to minimize steelhead encounters and mortalities, specific limits on steelhead encounters, and a monitoring program to track encounters and regulate the fishery. These were all consistent with the analyses and recommendations made by WT and others
To minimize encounters with steelhead early in the season, managers began the fishery with 8” gill nets. Steelhead average slightly smaller than spring chinook, and many were expected to be able to pass through the wide mesh without being captured. However, the wider mesh was assigned a higher mortality rate for fish that are captured than the smaller tangle nets, 50% for wild chinook, and 35% for steelhead. The smaller tangle nets are assigned a 25% mortality rate for chinook, and 20% for steelhead, but the 4-1/4” mesh is expected to capture more steelhead.
A wild steelhead shows a massive scar
from its encounter with a “tangle net”
Based on the assigned mortality-rates, managers imposed total-mortality quotas for different listed stocks impacted by the fishery, 15% of the total run-size for Willamette River Chinook, .59% for “Upriver” chinook (those returning to other Columbia Basin ESUs), and 1.8% for LCR steelhead. The Compact proposed a complicated scheme of mortality thresholds for determining when to switch gear-types or suspend fishing.
Washington Trout acknowledged that the gear-types, the mortality-rates assigned to each gear type, and the total-mortality caps were significant improvements over the 2002 fishery. However, we continued to be concerned over how managers would set encounter-thresholds that would effectively prevent exceeding the mortality caps, and we continued to draft and submit written comments to Compact managers and NOAA Fisheries officials. Two days into the scheduled fishery, monitors reported much higher than anticipated encounters with Upriver wild chinook, while encounters with listed steelhead were too high to fish with 4 ¼” tangle nets. The fishery was suspended indefinitely. Three small test fisheries (six boats) were held on February 26, March 3, and March 10, but the results of those tests precluded reopening the fishery.
It’s clear that the contributions and scrutiny of WT and other organizations helped push managers to take responsible actions to conserve ESA-listed wild fish populations. Suspending the fishery was the correct response, and if managers had reacted similarly to the available data in 2002, the high mortality on listed steelhead may have been avoided. However, taken with results from a 2001 experimental fishery and the 2002 fishery, data from the two days of fishing and three test-fisheries in 2003 strongly reinforce the suggestion that tangle-nets used with recovery boxes are not effectively non-lethal fishing gear, and may not be appropriate for conducting truly selective fisheries.
Petition to List Lamprey under ESA:
Washington Trout and ten other conservation organizations in Washington, Oregon and California submitted a petition on January 23, 2003 to list four species of lamprey as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act. The four species are Pacific lamprey, river lamprey, western brook lamprey, and Kern brook lamprey. Pacific and river lampreys are anadromous and parasitic, while western brook and Kern brook lamprey are neither. During their extended freshwater, juvenile period, which can last 4-6 years, it is virtually impossible to distinguish between the species. While lampreys physically resemble eels, they are not related and are an ancient, jawless fish. Diminishing lamprey populations has been a concern since the early 1990s. Counts of Pacific lamprey in particular are being recorded at perilously low levels at Ice Harbor Dam on the Snake River, Winchester Dam on the North Umpqua and the Gold Ray Dam on the Rogue River, Oregon. Lamprey populations are being heavily impacted by water developments, poor agricultural and forestland management practices, and rapid urbanization of many watersheds.
Some of the arguments presented in the petition to list lamprey include: increased habitat protection that will benefit native salmonids and other fish species; they are an important food sources for numerous species of birds, fish, and mammals, including seals and sea lions, reducing predation on adult salmonids by seals and sea lions; and they have important cultural and tribal significance. Washington Trout partnered with the Klamath-Siskiyou Wildlands Center, Siskiyou Regional Education Project, Umpqua Watersheds, Friends of the Eel, Environmental Protection Information Center, Native Fish Society, Center for Biological Diversity, Northcoast Environmental Center, Umpqua Valley Audubon Society and Oregon Natural Resources Council to submit the petition. More information can be found at www.onrc.org/info/lamprey.
Act Now to Defend the Clean Water Act:
On February 28, the EPA and Corps published in the Federal Register that the deadline for comments on the Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking was being extended 45 days, from March 3 to April 16. Hard work by American Rivers, the Clean Water Network, and the many organizations in the River Agenda Initiative brought about this extension, and now we must act to make sure our voices are heard. The ANPRM and guidance issued on January 15 have removed protections from isolated, intrastate, non-navigable waters (isolated wetlands), and is calling into question whether several other types of waters should remain within the jurisdiction of the Clean Water Act. All of these waters are critically important for the health of Washington’s streams, rivers, groundwater supplies, and wildlife. For detailed information on the ANPRM, the SWANCC decision, and how to submit comments, visit our website at www.washingtontrout.org/cwa_main.shtml. Or you can submit a comment online through American Rivers at http://amriversaction.ctsg.com/wac/index.asp?step=2&item=2454.
Coho salmon in a tiny tributary of the Snoqualmie watershed. This type of habitat could be threatened by the proposed rollbacks to the Clean Water Act in the guidance and ANRPM.
Pacific Northwest Snowpack Shrinking:
In February, Philip Mote of the UW Climate Impacts Group released and presented the results of his study on trends in the Pacific Northwest Snowpack over the last fifty years. Every year on April 1st, Mote took measurements at 145 sites in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, and BC’s Columbia River Basin. Of those sites, 141 registered decreases in water content of the snowpack, 90 had declines of 25% or more, and 9 had at least a 60% decrease. Of those nine with the largest decreases, eight are located in Oregon and one at Hurricane Ridge on the Olympic Peninsula. The decline in water content is known as the snow-water equivalent, and Mote directly attributes the decline to higher temperatures that reduce accumulation in the snowpack and cause it to melt earlier. This combination of factors, along with the prediction that the warming trend witnessed during the 20th Century will continue, pose significant concerns for the all water-users in the region. Read their press release and more at: http://tao.atmos.washington.edu/PNWimpacts/Infogate.htm.
Clean Water for Salmon Toolkit:
The Clean Water for Salmon Network has put together an action toolkit that includes fact sheets, information resources and organizing tips to assist community members working to get their city or county to adopt a policy that is protective of salmon, water quality, and human health. The CWS Network has already had one success with the adoption of a city policy in Lynnwood, WA, eliminating the use on city property of pesticides that pose a significant health risk to salmon or people. They also work with local groups in Spokane (WA), Bainbridge Island (WA), Salem (OR), Portland (OR), Eugene (OR) and other cities around the region to pass similar policies emphasizing pest prevention and restricting the use of hazardous pesticides from parks, roadsides, and municipal properties.
For copies of the kit, or more information about the campaign, contact: Angela Storey, Washington Toxics Coalition, 206-632-1545 ext. 11, email@example.com, or www.watoxics.org. Pollyanna Lind, Northwest Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides, 541-344-5044 ext. 17, firstname.lastname@example.org or www.pesticide.org/CleanWaterSalmon.html. More information about the CWS Network and the toolkit are also available at www.washingtontrout.org/toolkit.shtml.
WT 2003 Wild Fish Soiree and Auction:
Planning has begun for the 2003 WT Wild Fish Soiree and Auction, which will be held Sunday May 18th at the Pickering Barn in Issaquah. We are looking for a few good (actually, great) volunteers to be on the Auction Volunteer Committee. The committee will help solicit donations, follow-up with contributors, sell tickets/tables to the event, and help with set-up on the day of the Auction! If you want to get involved with the committee, contact Leah Hausman at email@example.com or call (425) 788-1167.
VOLUNTEERS WHO WORK 8 HOURS OR MORE TOWARDS THE AUCTION WILL RECEIVE DISCOUNTED OR FREE TICKETS!
If you would like to make a tax-deductible donation for the live or silent auction, please contact the WT office at (425) 788-1167 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Photo by Jeff Edvalds
Pre-Bid on the Chile Trip!
Michael and Myrna Darland of Southern Chile Expeditions have made a very generous donation to the 2003 Auction – an 8-day, 7-night fly-fishing package for two to Yan Kee Way lodge in the Chilean Patagonia! Patagonia is truly one of the most beautiful and unspoiled places left on earth. Yan Kee Way offers incredible fly-fishing for trophy rainbow and brown trout, steelhead, salmon, and sea-run brown trout, as well as other outdoor and vacation adventures in a remote, spectacularly beautiful wilderness setting, while accommodating their guests in four-star luxury. The package includes all transfers, food, lodging, guides, and fishing licenses. You can exchange fishing days for sport-adventure days, and Southern Chile Expeditions would be happy to arrange a nice package for spouses to accompany two fishing partners. Available dates for the Auction package will be during November and December 2003, and March 23rd to May 4th, 2004. The combined package is valued at $8,500. We are starting the bidding at the incredibly discounted total of $5000, with a guaranteed price of $8,500. That’s only $2500 per person! And as a generous bidding incentive, should the winning bid for the two packages combined be in excess of $6,500 the winning bidder may have their choice of any available package dates during the 2003-2004 season. You can bid on and even outright purchase the Chile trip before the Auction by contacting Leah Hausman. Read more about the trip and the pre-bidding rules and regulations online at www.washingtontrout.org/2003auction.shtml.
Want to get more involved with Washington Trout? WT appreciates your support and can use your volunteer help in a number of ways including the annual WT auction, educational programs, mailing and office assistance, staffing booths at public events, and participating in membership campaigns and other special events. Check out the website for more information on volunteer opportunities and our calendar, which lists upcoming WT and other organizations’ events, meetings, classes, etc. Please contact Leah Hausman at email@example.com if you have an event you would like mentioned in Wild Fish Runs or on the website!
Congratulations Joseph and Bridget!
WT would like to congratulate Joseph Yacker, our GIS Specialist, and his wife Bridget on the birth of their beautiful baby daughter Emma on December 27, 2002.
WT Wish List:
There’s an odd item on our wish list this time – large aluminum cans, like the ones some of you may buy your coffee or tomatoes in. If you purchase items packaged in the large tins (28 ounces or more), please save them, wash them out, and send them to us. WT plans to use these cans in a very unique way to decorate at the Wild Fish Soiree & Benefit Auction in May.
You can do your usual online shopping and help support Washington Trout by shopping through the WT shopping village at GreaterGood.com. Choose from more than 100 brand name retailers like eBay, Amazon.com, PetsMart, The Disney Store, Dell, Lands’ End and many more. Up to 15% of everything you buy benefits Washington Trout. To go directly to the WT shopping village, visit http://www.greatergood.com/partner/washingtontrout.
WellSpent.Org is another great source for online shopping. WellSpent.org has thousands of products - including electronics, software, computers, tools, appliances, camping gear and much more - available at discount prices. Every purchase you make generates a donation for the non-profit cause of your choice. So visit http://www.wellspent.org/, search for Washington Trout, and help yourself to some great gifts - you'll be helping us, too!